JUSUF GPU Nodes¶
JUSUF features a number of accelerated (GPU-equipped) compute nodes for applications that can take advantage of such devices via CUDA, OpenCL or OpenACC.
The GPU compute nodes feature one NVIDIA V100 PCIe GPU. The nodes are accessible in the
In order to access this partition the argument
-p gpus (or
--partition gpus) must be provided to
As there is only one GPU per node no additional option for the number of GPUs has to be given (
--gres=gpu:1 is the default).
Through the job scheduler (Slurm), GPUs are associated to tasks. Per default, one task is associated to one GPU. This is achieved by setting the environment variable
CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES which steers available GPUs to an application.
Consider the following example:
$ srun --tasks 4 bash -c 'echo "Rank: $PMI_RANK CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES: $CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES"' | sort Rank: 0 CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES: 0 Rank: 1 CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES: 1 Rank: 2 CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES: 2 Rank: 3 CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES: 3
In this case, task with ID 0 has access to GPU with ID 0, task with ID 1 has access to GPU with ID 1, and so on. An application launched like this with
srun will see only one GPU with the app-internal ID always being 0. In other words: In the default, each GPU-using application will see one GPU per task (/rank). It is ensured that the process which accesses this GPU will be launched on a CPU core which has affinity to the GPU.
The default behavior can be changed by overriding
CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES before the
srun invocation. In that case, the value of the environment variable is not changed.
Also for jobs with only one task, the behavior is the same currently. In that case, only one GPU is visible to task. Please manually
export CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES=0,1,2,3. This behavior is currently being worked on and will soon be modified.
Nvidia Profiling Tools and Clock Speed¶
One point to take into consideration when using Nvidia profiling tools is the clock speed. For example, when using
NVIDIA Nsight Compute, the tool’s clock control is expected to lock the clocks to their base value by default, which is relatively low for some GPU models.
The reason for this behavior is that for many metrics, their value is directly influenced by the current GPU SM and memory clock frequencies. GPU might be in a higher clocked state at some points executing an application, and might be in a lower clocked state in other execution points. This would have a direct impact on the metrics being profiled.
To mitigate this non-determinism, NVIDIA Nsight Compute attempts to limit GPU clock frequencies to their base value. As a result, metric values are less impacted by the location of the kernel in the application, or by the number of the specific replay pass.
More information can be found at: NVIDIA Nsight Compute Documentation
Job Script Examples¶
Example: MPI application starting 96 tasks on 4 nodes using 24 CPUs per node and 1 GPU per node:
#!/bin/bash -x #SBATCH --account=<budget> #SBATCH --nodes=4 #SBATCH --ntasks=96 #SBATCH --ntasks-per-node=24 #SBATCH --output=gpu-out.%j #SBATCH --error=gpu-err.%j #SBATCH --time=00:15:00 #SBATCH --partition=gpus [#SBATCH --gres=gpu:1] srun ./gpu-prog